Assessment & Evaluation

Selected assessment & evaluation resources related to the off-grid energy sector compiled by MIT D-Lab energy researchers.



The first step for increasing off-grid energy access is to understand the energy needs and market opportunities in the specific community of interest. Below you can find examples of frameworks for measuring energy access and conducting user research.

D-Lab's Energy Needs and Market Opportunity Assessment Toolkit 

SELCO's Profiling Assessment Toolkit

ESMAP's Multi-Tier Framework for Measuring Energy Access 

IFC's Off-Grid Market Opportunity Tool for Africa

Energy Policies and Multitopic Household Surveys

Open data and analytics for a sustainable energy future 


Monitoring & Evaluation 

Below is information on general best practices for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of programs, as well as specific examples of approaches for M&E of energy access programs. 

General Monitoring & Evaluation Resources

International Federation for the Red Cross M&E Guide

UNDP M&E Guide

Outcome Mapping



Energy Specific Monitoring & Evaluation Resources

GOGLA's Standardized impact metrics for the off-grid energy sector 

Practical Action's Total Energy Access framework 

Sustainability of solar home system questionnaires 

Clean Cooking Alliance Monitoring & Evaluation Framework and Theory Of Change