Designing a bike trailer with an evaporative cooling system that is able to cool fresh produce during 1-15 km trips from farms to markets along hilly, gravelly roads.
MIT D-Lab Class
MIT students unless otherwise noted.
- Cameron Dougal ‘25, Urban Science and Planning with Computer Science
- Diane Heinle ‘23, Mechanical Engineering
- Oliver Chinn ‘23, Mechanical Engineering
- Runako Gentles ‘24, Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Zhixing Chen ‘25, Mechanical Engineering, Art and Design
- The Goedgedacht Trust, a farm-based community support organization)
- Matthew Purkiss
- Atlantic Fellows
- Dorah Marema
Farmers on small farms in South Africa must travel 1-15 km to bring their produce to markets. However, many small farmers do not own their own vehicle, forcing them to rent or borrow vehicles or hire a delivery service. On top of these services being an added expense for farmers, farmers are at the mercy of the reliability of both the vehicles and the drivers.
An unmodiﬁed bike trailer would be ineﬀective because it would leave produce to wilt in the hot daytime temperatures. A cooling system must be integrated into the trailer for the product to be desirable to farmers, however it cannot rely on electricity due to both the expense of batteries and the extreme unreliability of the electrical grid in South Africa.
In South Africa, there are 27 major agricultural producers and over one million small shareholder farmers. The majority of these farmers are women in remote areas of the country. Any reliance on systems outside of the farmers’ control introduces variability that disrupt the farmers’ harvesting and selling seasons. Our solution aims to not only help farmers save time and money, but also increase their self-suﬃciency. Our aim is that the cooling capacity of the bike will allow the product to be more desirable than driving instead of being perceived as a time or energy burden.
Our solution is a bicycle trailer that is combined with both a shade canopy and an evaporative cooling system. The design will be robust enough to carry over 100 kg of produce, but light enough to be towed by our target demographic, female farmers. The design will be engineered to withstand the hilly and bumpy gravel roads that make up much of South Africa’s rural road network. Our evaporative cooling system uses wet jutesack, a canvas material that is widely available, and takes advantage of the air ﬂow generated by riding the bike. The cooling system will lower the temperature of the produce during a 15-60 minute ride by 1-5 degrees C. The shade canopy is designed to minimize wind resistance and maximize airﬂow and, by extension, cooling capacity. Ease of use is also a consideration, with the end goal to be to be able to load and prepare the trailer in under 5 minutes.
Our end deliverable will be a blueprint that can be followed to easily and cheaply build the trailer at scale, with Matt’s organization distributing trailers to “lending libraries” located in farming regions where farmers can then borrow the bike when they have produce to transport.
Eliza Squibb, D-Lab: Design Instructor
Sorin Grama, D-Lab: Design Instructor