Mali: Design and dissemination of clay pot coolers

Adding water to a pot-in-pot evaporative cooler, Mali.
Adding water to a pot-in-pot evaporative cooler, Mali.

 
MIT D-Lab is working with the World Vegetable Center and Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER) to improve the design of clay pot coolers and increase their dissemination in rural Mali. This project builds on design and user research work conducted in 2017.

Design research 

This portion of the project focuses on evaluating the performance of clay pot coolers and other similarly-sized storage devices in a laboratory setting. The temperature and humidity inside the storage devices are evaluated with data-logging sensors designed in partnership with Sensen, and the shelf-life of vegetables in each device is measured and compared with storage in ambient conditions. The vegetables included in this study are spinach, cowpea leaves, amaranth, tomatoes, eggplant, and the shelf-life is measured through a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques including weight loss, colorimetry, firmness, vitamin C content, acidity, wilting index, and visual evaluation.

 

Research team and clay pot cooler experimental setup
Research team and clay pot cooler experimental setup. Left to right: Wubetu Legesse, Alkassim Dicko, Eric Verploegen, and Edoh Ognakossan.
Kadidia Nienta (left) and Boureima Djiguiba (right) with leafy green for ready for analysis
Kadidia Nienta (left) and Boureima Djiguiba (right) with leafy green for ready for analysis.

Dissemination of clay pot coolers in Mopti, Mali

To raise awareness and build local capacity to construct and sell clay pot coolers, MIT D-Lab, the World Vegetable Center, and Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER) developed a training curriculum covering:

  • Importance of proper vegetable storage
  • Principles of evaporative cooling
  • Best practices for constructing and using clay pot coolers
  • User identification and marketing

This curriculum includes “A Guide to Assembling, Using, and Maintaining Clay Pot Coolers”, which is available in French and English.

The approach we are taking in Mali is to start by sharing this information with agricultural extension agents and clay pot producers through in-depth training-of-trainers (ToT) sessions. The ToT participants will go on to conduct more focused trainings with larger groups of fruit and vegetable sellers, pot makers, farmers, and other community members. During the pilot round of trainings in 2020, 39 people were trained from the Mopti area in northern Mali. The program was improved after this pilot round, and at the end of February 2021, WVC and IER conducted a ToT with 11 agricultural extension officers and clay pot makers, who will be training hundreds of people and distributing this guide throughout the Mopti region over the coming months.

 

A group of participants from Mopti, Mali after the completion of a training about clay pot coolers
Kadidia Nienta (left) and Boureima Djiguiba (right) assembling a clay pot cooler.
A group of participants from Mopti, Mali after the completion of a training about clay pot coolers
A group of participants from Mopti, Mali after the completion of a training about clay pot coolers.

This project is funded in part by the Innovation, Technology, & Research Hub at USAID and the Islamic Development Bank


Related publications

Evaporative Cooling Technologies for Improved Vegetable Storage in Mali
In 2018, MIT D-Lab and the World Vegetable Center published a research report evaluating clay pot coolers and brick evaporative cooling chambers. The methodologies used included interviews with users of the cooling and storage technologies, interviews with stakeholders along the vegetable supply chain, and sensors to monitor product performance parameters.

A Guide to Assembling, Using, and Maintaining Clay Pot Coolers 
Provides an overview of how evaporative cooling works, the importance of proper fruit and vegetable storage, types of clay pot coolers and how to assemble them, and best practices for using clay pot coolers. The guide is available in French and English.

 

Contact

Eric Verploegen, MIT D-Lab Research Engineer